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11th Feb Static MCQs-The Prayas India

The Prayas News Analysis

DAILY STATIC  MCQs :

Q.1) Consider the following pairs about Sufi philosophy.
Philosophy Meaning
1. Waḥdat al-wujūd Unity of Existence
2. Waḥdat ash-shuhūd Unity of appearance
3. Al-Wujūd Al-Munbasiṭ Self-unfolding Being
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 1, 2 and 3
d) 3 only
Solution (c)
Major ideas in Sufi metaphysics have surrounded the concept of weḥdah meaning “unity”,
or in Arabic tawhid. Two main Sufi philosophies prevail on this topic. waḥdat al-wujūd
literally means the “Unity of Existence” or “Unity of Being” but better translation would be
Monotheism of Existence. Wujud (i.e. existence) here refers to Allah’s Wujud – implication is
Wahdat/Tawheed Of Wujud Of Allah. On the other hand, waḥdat ash-shuhūd, meaning
“Apparentism” or “Monotheism of Witness”, holds that God and his creation are entirely
separate.

Al-Wujūd Al-Munbasiṭ (Self-unfolding Being)
Shah Waliullah Dehlawi tried to reconcile the two (apparently) contradictory doctrines of
waḥdat al-wujūd (unity of being) of Ibn Arabi and waḥdat ash-shuhūd (unity in conscience)
of Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi. Shah Waliullah neatly resolved the conflict, calling these
differences ‘verbal controversies’ which have come about because of ambiguous language.
If we leave, he says, all the metaphors and similes used for the expression of ideas aside, the
apparently opposite views of the two metaphysicians will agree.

Q.2) Consider the following statements.
1. Konark sun temple is known as ‘BLACK PAGODA’.
2. The Jagannath Temple in Puri is called the “White Pagoda”.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None
Solution (c)
Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century CE sun temple at Konark about 35 kilometres (22 mi)
northeast from Puri on the coastline of Odisha, India. The temple is attributed to king
Narasimhadeva I of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty about 1250 CE.
This temple was called the “Black Pagoda” in European sailor accounts as early as 1676
because its great tower appeared black. Similarly, the Jagannath Temple in Puri was called
the “White Pagoda”. Both temples served as important landmarks for sailors in the Bay of
Bengal. The temple that exists today was partially restored by the conservation efforts of
British India-era archaeological teams. Declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984, it
remains a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, who gather here every year for the
Chandrabhaga Mela around the month of February.

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Nayanars and Alvars.
1. They drew upon the ideals of love and heroism as found in the Sangam literature
(Tamil literature).
2. They were sharply critical of the Buddhists and Jainas.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None
Solution (c)
In South India 7th to 9th centuries saw the emergence of new religious movements, led by
the Nayanars (saints devoted to Shiva) and Alvars (saints devoted to Vishnu) who came from
all castes including those considered “untouchable” like the Pulaiyar and the Panars.
They were sharply critical of the Buddhists and Jainas.
They drew upon the ideals of love and heroism as found in the Sangam literature (Tamil
literature).Between 10th and 12th centuries the Chola and Pandya kings built elaborate temples
around many of the shrines visited by the saint-poets, strengthening the links between the
bhakti tradition and temple worship.

Q.4) Which of the following pairs correctly matched?
Tradition Type of Sannyasi
1. Advaita Vedanta tradition
Dashanami Sannyasi
2. Shaivism Trishuldhari Sannyasis
3. Vaishnava Tridandi Sannyāsis
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 1, 2 and 3only
d) 2 only
Solution (c)
Adi Shankara or Shankara, was an early 8th century Indian philosopher and theologian who
consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. He is credited with unifying and establishing
the main currents of thought in Hinduism.
Adi Shankara is believed to be the organiser of the Dashanami monastic order and unified
the Shanmata tradition of worship.
Dashanami Sanyasi (IAST Daśanāmi Saṃpradāya “Tradition of Ten Names”) is a Hindu
monastic tradition of “single-staff renunciation” (ēkadaṇḍisannyāsi) generally associated
with the Advaita Vedanta tradition.
Single-staff renunciates are distinct in their practices from Shaiva trishuldhari or “tridentwielding
renunciates” and Vaishnava traditions of Tridandi sannyāsis.

Q.5) Arrange the administrative divisions of Vijayanagar Empire from grama (village) to Empire.
1. Empire
2. Nadus
3. Mandalams
4. Sthalas
5. Grama
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
a) 5-4-3-2-1
b) 5-4-2-3-1
c) 5-2-3-4-1
d) 5-3-2-4-1
Solution (d)
Vijaynagar empire was divided in to Mandalams (Headed by Mandaleshwara / nayaks),
which was further divided into Nadus, which was further divided into Sthalas & finally into
Gramas-Empire —- Mandalams —– Nadus —– Sthalas —– Gram

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