14th March Static MCQs-The Prayas India


The Prayas News Analysis


Q.1) Which of the following statements regarding the Battle of Buxar are correct?
1. British defeated the combined armies of Mughal emperor Shah Alam II, Nawab of
Bengal Siraj ud Daulah and Nawab of Awadh Shuja ud Daulah.
2. British annexed the Awadh state and executed the Nawab.
3. British got the Diwani rights of Bengal after this battle.
Select the code from following:
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 3 only
d) None of the above
Solution (c)
Battle of Buxar
Despite Mir Jafar’s gifts and rewards, British were not satisfied with him and replaced him
by Mir Qasim. Mir Qasim was an able administrator and tried to free himself from the
clutches of the Englishmen. This behavior was disliked by the British and the conflict led to
three battles.
Mir Qasim was defeated and he fled to Awadh to take help of Nawab of Awadh, Shuja ud
Daula. Nawab of Bengal and Nawab of Awadh got into an alliance with the Mughal emperor
Shah Alam II, who despite the deteriorating Mughal empire was perceived as the central
authority of India.
These combined forces met with British force at Buxar.
Result: As expected, the combined army of the three was no match for the disciplined
English army which comprehensively won.
Outcome: It was a morale booster for British and it established British as the super power.
British got the Diwani of Bengal from the Mughal emperor. i.e. now they got the right of
administration and taxation. This battle practically started the British rule in India.
The significant outcomes of this battle were as follows:
 It led to the signing of the Allahabad Treaty in 1765 by Lord Robert Clive with Mughal
Emperor Shah Alam II.
 With the defeat of Mir Kasim, the rule of Nawabs came to an end.
 Diwani rights or fiscal rights were secured which meant that the British would administer and manage
revenues of large areas which included the present-day
 West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh, as well as of Bangladesh. The British became the masters
of the people of these places.
 In return of this right, the British would give Rs 26 lakh to the Mughal emperor Shah Alam II.
 After the Buxar victory, the English armies moved towards Awadh and established their control over Banaras
and Allahabad.
 Shuja-ud-Daulah would pay Rs 50 lakh immediately to the company as expenses of war. He also needed to
pay later Rs 25 lakh in instalments.
 The treaty legalised the East India Company’s control over the whole of Bengal. Thus, the British established
their control in the eastern part of the country.
 Ghazipur and its adjacent area were handed over to the East India company.
 The Allahabad fort became the home of the emperor and he would be protected by few men of the
company’s army.
 A vakil of the English would remain in the court of Shah Alam II. But he was not allowed to interfere in the
administration of the country.

Q.2) Consider the following statements with regard to Young Bengal group of students:
1. They posed an intellectual challenge to the religious and social orthodoxy of Hinduism.
2. They had complete faith in everything British and Western learning which alienated them from the masses.
3. They were influenced by Henry Vivian Derozio and were responsible for the establishment of the Society for
Translating European Sciences.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 and 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) All of the above
Solution (a)
Young Bengal, a controversial group of students, influenced by a Eurasian teacher of Hindu
College in Calcutta (Henry Vivian Derozio), were responsible for the establishment of Society
for Acquisition of General Knowledge.
This group became infamous for their social rebellion. Their rebellion extended to the
religious sphere and posed an intellectual challenge to the religious and social orthodoxy of
Hinduism. Their very radicalism and complete faith in everything British and Western learning
alienated them from the masses.

Q.3) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s work Anandmath, one of the most important novels invthe history of Bengali and Indian literature, was set in the background of
a) Ramosi Uprising
b) Sannyasi-Faqir Rebellion
c) Santhal Rebellion
d) Sawantwadi Revolt
Solution (b)
 Anandamath is a Bengali novel, written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and publishedvin 1882.
 It is considered one of the most important novels in the history of Bengali and Indianvliterature whose work
was set in background of the cause of Faqir-Sannyasis Rebellion.
 Its importance is heightened by the fact that it became synonymous with the strugglevfor Indian
independence from the British Empire. The novel was banned by the British.
 The ban was lifted later by the Government of India after independence.

Q.4) Match the following (Part I) with (Part II) from the codes given below:
Part I Part II
(Revolt/Movement) (Leader associated with it)
1. Pagal Panthis A. Bhagwat Jawar Mal
2. Kuka Revolt B. Karam Shah
3. Sawantwadi C. Anna Sahib
4. Ramosi D. Chittur Singh
a) C-B-A-D
b) B-D-A-C
c) B-A-C-D
d) A-B-C-D
Solution (c)
Pagal Panthis
Pagal Panthi Revolt 1825-1850. Pagal Panthis were a mixture of the Hinduism, Sufism and
Animism, which became prominent in Bengal in initial years of 19th century. The sect was
founded by Karam Shah, and his son Tipu Shah led these people to uphold the religion and
rights of the peasants in Bengal.
Kuka Revolt
Initially started as a religious movement with a view to reforming the Sikh religion by
purging it of the degenerate features, Kuka movement, founded in 1840 in the Western
Punjab, turned into a political struggle against the British. The founder of Kuka movement
was Bhagat Jawahar Mal.
The revolt in Sawantwadi region in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra state, was led by Phond
Sawant, a Maratha sardar, who with the help of other sardars and Desais, among whom
Anna Sahib was prominent, captured some forts. When the British troops drove out these
rebels from the forts, they escaped to Goa, leading to great turmoil in the region. A number
of Sawantwadi rebels were tried for treason and sentenced to various terms of
Ultimately, after the imposition of martial law and meting out brutal punishment to the
rebels, order could be restored in Sawantwadi region.
Ramosi Revolt
Ramosi Revolt was a tribal revolt by the Ramosi tribe due to the British Rule in 1820 in the
modern age. Though, there is a dispute with Chittur singh and Pratap singh about the leader
of this tribal revolt, justified evidence prove that Chittur Singh was the main tribal leader of
this tribal revolt and Pratap singh was his youngest brother.

Q.5) Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
a) Subsidiary system : : Lord Wellesley
b) Mahalvari settlement in Northern India : : Holt Mackenzie
c) Local Self Government : : Lord Cornwallis
d) Ryotwari settlement : : Thomas Munro
Solution (c)
Lord Cornwallis introduced a new revenue system called Permanent Settlement in 1793.
Local Self Government : : Lord Ripon
Lord Ripon is known to have granted the Indians first taste of freedom by introducing the
Local Self Government in 1882. His scheme of local self government developed the
Municipal institutions which had been growing up in the country ever since India was
occupied by the British Crown. He led a series of enactments in which larger powers of the
Local self government were given to the rural and urban bodies and the elective people
received some wider rights. Lord Ripon is known as Father of Local Self Government in India.


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