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15th March Current Affairs MCQs-The Prayas India

 

The Prayas News Analysis

Current Affairs MCQs:

Q 1.Recently Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) caused the death of five Asiatic lions in Gir forest, Gujarat. Consider the
following statements about Canine Distemper Virus (CDV).
1. CDV causes a highly contagious and life-threatening disease in dogs.
2. CDV can only be spread through direct contact.
3. The virus infects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and central nervous systems.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 1, 3
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 2, 3
Solution: b)
CDV causes a highly contagious and life-threatening disease in dogs. CDV also affects other wild carnivores, including wolves, foxes, raccoons, red pandas, ferrets, hyenas, tigers, and lions.
CDV spreads through aerosol droplets and through contact with infected bodily fluids, including nasal and ocular
secretions, feces, and urine.
The virus then enters the blood stream and infects the respiratory, gastrointestinal, urogenital, epithelial, and
central nervous systems, and optic nerves.

Q 2.Consider the following statements about Official Secrets Act.
1. The Official Secrets Act was first enacted in 1923 and was retained after Independence.
2. The law is applicable to government servants only and not to citizens.
3. Public servants could deny any information terming it a “secret” when asked under the RTI Act.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2
b) 3 only
c) 1, 3
d) 1, 2, 3
Solution: c)
The Official Secrets Act was first enacted in 1923 and was retained after Independence. The law, applicable to
government servants and citizens, provides the framework for dealing with espionage, sedition, and other potential threats to the integrity of the nation. The law makes spying, sharing ‘secret’ information, unauthorised use of uniforms, withholding information, interference with the armed forces in prohibited/restricted areas, among others, punishable offences. If guilty, a person may get up to 14 years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both.
The information could be any reference to a place belonging to or occupied by the government, documents,
photographs, sketches, maps, plans, models, official codes or passwords.
The OSA does not define “secret” or “official secrets”. Public servants could deny any information terming it a
“secret” when asked under the RTI Act.

Q 3.Consider the following statements about International Finance Corporation (IFC)
1. It is a sister organization of the IMF.
2. It is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing
countries.
3. Its goals are to increase sustainable agriculture opportunities, improve healthcare and education.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2
b) 1, 3
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 2,3
Solution: c)
IFC—a sister organization of the World Bank and member of the World Bank Group—is the largest global
development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries. The Bank Group has set
two goals for the world to achieve by 2030: end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity in every country.
The IFC is owned and governed by its member countries, but has its own executive leadership and staff that conduct its normal business operations.
It is a corporation whose shareholders are member governments that provide paid-in capital and which have the
right to vote on its matters.
Functions:
 It offers an array of debt and equity financing services and helps companies face their risk exposures, while
refraining from participating in a management capacity.
 The corporation also offers advice to companies on making decisions, evaluating their impact on the
environment and society, and being responsible.
 It advises governments on building infrastructure and partnerships to further support private sector
development.
Since 2009, the IFC has focused on a set of development goals that its projects are expected to target. Its goals are to increase sustainable agriculture opportunities, improve healthcare and education, increase access to financing for microfinance and business clients, advance infrastructure, help small businesses grow revenues, and invest in
climate health.

Q 4.Consider the following statements about the recently launched India Cooling Action Plan.
1. India is the second country after china to develop such a document.
2. The plan aims at reducing emissions and providing thermal comfort to citizens.
3. Recognizes “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S&T Programme.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2
b) 2, 3
c) 1, 3
d) 1, 2, 3
Solution: b)
India is the first country in world to develop such a document (ICAP), which addresses cooling requirement across
sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand.
The overarching goal is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society.
The India Cooling Action seeks to recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under national
S&T Programme.

Q 5.Consider the following statements about Chang’e-4 mission.
1. It is the first probe ever to explore the dark side of the Moon.
2. The mission in China’s first lunar mission.
3. The mission aims to deliver samples of Moon rock and soil to Earth.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2
b)2, 3
c) 1, 3
d) 1, 2, 3
Solution: c)
China has launched Chang’e-4, a first probe ever to achieve soft-landing on the far side of the Moon.
Chang’e 4 is the fourth mission in the country’s lunar mission series which is being named after the Chinese moon
goddess.
The tasks of the Chang’e-4 probe include low-frequency radio astronomical observation, surveying the terrain and
landforms, detecting the mineral composition, and measuring the neutron radiation and neutral atoms to study the environment on the far side of the moon.
The mission aims to deliver samples of Moon rock and soil to Earth.

Current Affairs MCQs Video:

Current Affairs MCQs Pdf

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