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16th March Current Affairs MCQs-The Prayas India

 

The Prayas News Analysis

Current Affairs MCQs:

Q 1.Consider the following statements about Global Gender Gap Index 2018.
1. It is released annually by World Bank.
2. It measures economic opportunity, political empowerment, educational attainment and health and survival.
3. India has fully closed its tertiary education gender gap for the first time.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 2, 3
Solution: c)
Global Gender Gap report is published annually by the world economic forum since 2006. Global gender gap index is a part of this which measures gender equality across four pillars– they are economic opportunity, political
empowerment, educational attainment and health and survival.
India has recorded improvement in wage equality for similar work and has fully closed its tertiary education gender gap for the first time.

Q 2.Consider the following statements about Ethanol.
1. In India, ethanol is produced from sugarcane only.
2. It allows the engine to more completely combust the fuel.
3. Ethanol is considered as non-renewable fuel.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2
b) 2 only
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 2, 3
Solution: b)
Ethanol, an anhydrous ethyl alcohol having chemical formula of C2H5OH, can be produced from sugarcane, maize,wheat, etc which are having high starch content. In India, ethanol is mainly produced from sugarcane molasses by fermentation process. Ethanol can be mixed with gasoline to form different blends. As the ethanol molecule contains oxygen, it allows the engine to more completely combust the fuel, resulting in fewer emissions and thereby reducing the occurrence of environmental pollution. Since ethanol is produced from plants that harness the power of the sun, ethanol is also considered as renewable fuel.

Q 3.Consider the following statements about Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary.
1. It is located in Kerala.
2. A species of wood snake is a ‘point endemic’ here.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None
Solution: b)
A species of wood snake that wasn’t seen for 140 years has resurfaced in a survey conducted by scientists in the
Meghamalai Wildlife Sanctuary. “The snake is a ‘point endemic’ (found only in Meghamalai).
Meghamalai is a mountain range situated in the Western Ghats in Theni district, Tamil Nadu.

Q 4.Consider the following statements about Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD).
1. It is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic to South India.
2. Viruses related to KFDV have been identified in China and Saudi Arabia.
3. There is widespread person to person transmission of the disease.
4. A vaccine for KFD is not yet available.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2
b) 1, 2, 3
c) 2, 3, 4
d) 1, 3, 4
Solution: a)
Kyasanur forest disease (KFD) is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic to South India. The disease is caused by a virus belonging to the family Flaviviridae, which also includes yellow fever and dengue fever.
Viruses related to KFDV have been identified in China and Saudi Arabia.
Transmission to humans may occur after a tick bite or contact with an infected animal, most importantly a sick or
recently dead monkey. No person-to-person transmission has been described.
A vaccine does exist for KFD and is used in endemic areas of India. Additional preventative measures include insect repellents and wearing protective clothing in areas where ticks are endemic.

Q 5.Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), often in news is
a) An international independent medical humanitarian organisation
b) A group of NGOs working on non-communicable diseases
c) UN organ working for medical assistance for African Nations
d) Evaluation of Border Entry Screening for Infectious Diseases in Humans
Solution: a)
Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), is an international, independent medical humanitarian organisation. It provides
medical assistance to people affected by conflict, epidemics, disasters, or exclusion from healthcare. The teams are
made up of tens of thousands of health professionals, logistic and administrative staff – most of them hired locally.
The actions are guided by medical ethics and the principles of impartiality, independence and neutrality.

Current Affairs MCQs Video:

Current Affairs MCQs Pdf

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