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16th March Static MCQs-The Prayas India

 

The Prayas News Analysis

DAILY STATIC  MCQs :

Q 1. Which of the following statements is incorrect regarding the various systems prevailed during the reign of Akbar?
a. Nasaq was a system of measurement and the assessment based upon that measurement.
b. In the galla-bakhshi system, the produce was divided between the peasants and the state in fixed proportion.
c. Zabti was a system of measurement and the assessment based upon that measurement.
d. The zabti system is associated with Raja Todar Mal, and k sometimes called Todar Mal’s bandobast.
Answer: a
Explanation: A third system after zabti and galla-bakshi which was widely used in Akbar’s time was nasaq. The
historians are a bit uncertain about this system. It seems that it meant a rough calculation of the amount payable by the peasant on the basis of what he had been paying in the past. Hence, some modern historians think that it was merely a system of computing the peasant’s dues, not a different system of assessment. Others think that it meant rough appraisement both on the basis of the inspection or the crops and past experience, and thereby fixing the amount to be paid by the village as a whole. It is also called kankut’.

Q 2. Consider the following statements regarding the continuity of cultivation on the basis of that the fixing of land revenue was to be done:
I. Land which remained under cultivation almost every year was called polaj.
II. Land when it remained uncultivated it was called parati (fallow).
III. Land which had been fallow for two to three years was called chachar, and if longer than that, banjar.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. I and III
d. All of the above
Answer: d
Explanation: In fixing the land revenue, continuity of cultivation was taken into account. Land which remained under cultivation almost every year was called polaj. When it remained uncultivated it was called parati (fallow). Parati land paid at the full (polaj) rate when it was cultivated. Land which had been fallow for two to three years was called chachar, and if longer than that, banjar. These were assessed at concessional rates, the revenue demand gradually rising till the full or polaj rate was paid in the fifth or the eighth year. In this way, the state helped in bringing virgin and uncultivated wasteland under cultivation.

Q 3. Consider the following statement regarding Akbar’s interest in the cultivation throughout his kingdom:
I. Akbar never shown his interest in any affairs of cultivation and he never cared about any improvement and
extension of cultivation during his reign.
II. Akbar advocated to provide advance money by way of loans (taccavi) to the peasants for seeds, implements,
animals, etc., in times of need, and to recover them in easy instalments.
III. Akbar asked the amil to act like a father to the peasants.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above
Answer: c
Explanation: Akbar was deeply interested in the improvement and extension of cultivation. He asked the amil to act like a father to the peasants. He was to advance money by way of loans (taccavi) to the peasants for seeds,
implements, animals, etc., in times of need, and to recover them in easy instalments. He was to try and induce the
peasants to plough as much land as possible and to sow superior quality crops. The zamindars of the area were also enjoined to cooperate in the task. The zamindars had a hereditary right to take a share of the produce. The peasants, too, had a hereditary right to cultivate their land and could not be ejected as long as they paid the land revenue.

Q 4. Consider the following statements about Raja Toda Mal:
I. Todar Mal was a brilliant revenue officer who first served under Sher Shah.
II. The galla-bakshi system is associated with Raja Todar Mal, and is sometimes called Todar Mal’s bandobast.
III. Todar Mal was a brilliant revenue officer who first served under Babur not under Sher Shah.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above
Answer: a
Explanation: The zabti system is associated with Raja Todar Mal, and is sometimes called Todar Mal’s bandobast.
Todar Mal was a brilliant revenue officer who first served under Sher Shah. But he was only one of a team of brilliant revenue officials who came to the forefront under Akbar.

Q 5. Consider the following statements regarding the mansabdari system:
I. Under this system, every officer was assigned a rank (mansab).
II. The lowest rank was 10, and the highest was 5000 for the nobles; towards the end of the reign it was raised to
7000.
III. Princes of the blood received higher mansabs.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
a. Only I
b. I and II
c. II and III
d. All of the above
Answer: d
Explanation: Akbar could not have been able to expand his empire and maintain his hold over it without a strong
army. For this purpose, it was necessary for him to organise the nobility as well as his army. Akbar realised both
these objectives by means of the mansabdari system. Under this system, every officer was assigned a rank (mansab). The lowest rank was 10, and the highest was 5000 for the nobles; towards the end of the reign it was raised to 7000. Princes of the blood received higher mansabs.

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