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9th Feb Static MCQs-The Prayas India

The Prayas News Analysis

DAILY STATIC  MCQs :

Q.1) Lumbering & its associated timber, paper & pulp industries are the most important economic undertaking.
Agriculture is less important in view of severity of winters & its long duration. Fishing is the most outstanding
economic activity. This climatic region found in northern hemisphere only. The above lines describe which of the
following type of climatic regions?
a) Siberian type of climate
b) China type climate
c) Polar climate
d) Laurentian Climate
Solution (d)
Laurentian Climate
 The Laurentian type of climate has cold, dry winters & warm, wet simmers.
 Winter temperature may be well below freezing point & snow falls to quite a depth.
 Summers are warm as the tropics approx. 250 C & if were not for the cooling effects of the off shore cold
currents from arctic, the summers may even be hotter.
 Though, rain falls throughout the year (except interiors of china), there is distinct summer maximum from
the easterly winds from the oceans
 The annual precipitation is approx. 75 -150 cm with 2/3rd of it falling in summer.
 Lumbering & its associated timber, paper & pulp industries are the most important economic undertaking.
 Agriculture is less important in view of severity of winters & its long duration
 Fortunately, the maritime influence & heavy rainfall enables some of the hardy crops to be raised for local
needs such as potatoes, oats, rye & barley.
 Fishing is the most outstanding economic activity of Laurentian climatic region especially in Newfoundland &
Japan mainly due to their geographical importance.
 Gently sloping continental shelves around the islands of Newfoundland & Japan are rich in planktons, mainly
due to meeting of warm & cold ocean currents.
 Fish feeds on minute marine organisms – planktons, which are present in abundance only in shallow waters
adjacent to land masses, where sunlight can penetrate through
 Japanese also make use of fish wastes, fish meals & seaweeds as fertilizers & is among one of the few
countries involved in seaweed cultivation on submerged coastal farms.
 Another aspect of Japanese fishing is pearl culture obtained from the shale fish called pearl oyster found
deep inside the sea.

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Mediterranean Climate:
1. This is a dry-winter, wet-summer climate.
2. This climate owes its origin to the seasonal shifting of wind and pressure belts due to northward and southward
migration of the sun.
3. Fires occur frequently in Mediterranean climate zones.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1, 2 and 3
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 2 only
Solution (c)
Mediterranean Climate:
This type of climate has developed between 300 – 400 latitudes in both the hemispheres.
 This is a wet-winter, dry-summer climate. Extremely dry summers are caused by the sinking air of the
subtropical highs and may last for up to five months.
 This climatic region includes European, Asiatic and African lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea.
 This climate owes its origin to the seasonal shifting of wind and pressure belts due to northward and
southward migration of the sun.
 In winter they are under the influence of westerlies which are moisture laden thus brings rainfall in winters
whereas they come under the influence of subtropical high-pressure belt in summers thus associated with
anti-cyclonic conditions.
 Plants have adapted to the extreme difference in rainfall and temperature between winter and summer
seasons. Sclerophyll plants range in formations from forests, to woodland, and scrub. Eucalyptus forests
cover most of the chaparral biome in Australia.
 Fires occur frequently in Mediterranean climate zones.

Q.3) Which of the following are the breeding grounds for temperate cyclone?
1. South-east Caribbean region
2. Mexican Gulf
3. Mediterranean basin extending up to Russia
4. North-west Australia
Codes:
a) 1, 2 and 3
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 3 and 4 only
d) 1, 3 and 4
Solution (b)
The favourite breeding grounds of temperate cyclones are:
 Over USA and Canada, extending over Sierra Nevada, Colorado, Eastern Canadian Rockies and the Great
Lakes region.
 Mexican Gulf
 The belt extending from Iceland to Barents Sea and continuing over Russia and Siberia.
 Winter storms over Baltic Sea.
 Mediterranean basin extending upto Russia and even upto India in winters (called western
disturbances).
 The Antarctic frontal zone.

Q.4) Consider the following statements regarding type of climate:
1. It is a transitional type of climate found between the equatorial forests and trade wind hot deserts.
2. This type of climate is characterized by an alternate hot, rainy season and cool, dry season.
3. Extreme diurnal range of temperature is another characteristic of this type of climate
4. This landscape is typified by tall grass and short trees
Identify the type of climate from the below given options:
a) Tropical Monsoon type of climate
b) Sudan type of climate
c) Warm temperate western margin climate
d) Steppe climate
Solution (b)
Savanna or Sudan Climate:
 It is a transitional type of climate found between the equatorial forests and trade wind hot deserts.
 This type of climate is characterized by an alternate hot, rainy season and cool, dry season.
 Extreme diurnal range of temperature is another characteristic of this type of climate
 This landscape is typified by tall grass and short trees

Q.5) Nordic countries are generally considered to refer to which among the below countries?
1. Denmark
2. Sweden
3. Norway
4. Latvia
5. Lithuania
Select the appropriate option using the code below
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2, 3 and 4
c) 1, 2 and 3
d) 3, 4 and 5
Solution (c)
Nordic countries are a group of countries in Northern Europe. These countries include Denmark, Finland,
Iceland, Sweden, Norway, and the territories of the Aland Islands and the Faroe Islands.

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