The Prayas India

Exams आसान है !


Previous slide
Next slide



Jainism as a sect started to come to the forefront in the 6th Century BC. The reasons for this sect to emerge have already been elaborated in the article on Buddhism. (Click Here to read on Buddhism). Vadhaman Mahavira was the 24th Tirthankara of the Jain tradition and played a very critical role in the spread of Jainism.

Life of Vardhaman Mahavira

Vardhaman Mahavira was born at Kundagram near Vaishali. He was the son of King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala. He was married to Yashodha and also had a daughter. However, at the age of 30, Vardhaman Mahavira left his house to become an ascetic. It is believed that at the age of 42, Mahavira attained the Kaivalya-Gynana (Supreme Knowledge) on the banks of Rijupalika river. After the attainment of Supreme Knowledge he was called as the Mahavira or Jina. His followers came to be known as Jains. He passed away aged 72 at Pavapuri near Rajagriha.

Doctrine of Jainism

The entire doctrine of Jainism rests on three pillars, also called as the three gems of Jainism or “Triratnas”. These three ratna’s are;

Triratnas of Jainism
Triratnas of Jainism


  1. Right Faith: It is the belief in the teachings and writings of Mahavira.
  2. Right Knowledge: It is the acceptance of the belief that every object on Earth possesses a soul. Also, it believes that there is no God and the world has been existing without a creator.
  3. Right Conduct: It refers to the following of the following vows (Panch-Mahavrata);
    • Ahimsa, which means Non-Violence.
    • Asteya, which means not to Steal.
    • Aparigraha, which means non-attachment/ non-possession to any material thing.
    • Satya, which means adherence to truth.
    • Brahmacharya, which means adhering to celibacy.

Jainism considers that every object (animate or inanimate) possess a soul and have a varying degree of consciousness. These obejcts feel pain when they are injured. Hence, even the practice of agriculture in Jainism is considered as a sin as it causes hurt to the Earth and worms. Moreover, Mahavira rejected the authority of Vedas and was against the Vedic rituals.

Mahavira organized the Sangha to spread his teachings. Both men and women were allowed in his Sangha. The Jaina’s adopted Prakrit language to spread their religion as it was easily understood by the common people. Chandragupta Maurya was the first known king to patronize Jainism. Other kings who patronized Jainism are Kharvela king of Kalinga and Amoghvarsha – the Rashtrakuta king.

Different Schools of Jainism:

Schools of Jainism
Schools of Jainism


Difference between Digambars and Shvetambars:

Jainism - Shvetambar vs Digambar
Shvetambars vs Digambars


Jaina Councils:

There were two Jaina Councils held. The summary of these councils are highlighted in the table below;

Jaina Councils
Jaina Councils


Jaina Literature:

  • Bhagwati Sutra: It serves as Mahavira’s biography.
  • Kalpasutra: It was written by Bhadrabahu in Sanskrit.
  • Chedasutra: It talks about the Jaina monks.
  • Tathvartha Sutra: It is the main doctrine of Jaina faith.

Some known Tirthankaras:

Some important Tirthankaras and associated symbols.


All About UPSC CSE Exam Preparation

Exam Notification

UPSC CSE Calendar 2024

  • Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2024 & Indian Forest Service (Preliminary) Examination, 2024 through CS(P) Examination 2023 26 May 2024

Download UPSC CSE Notification 2024: Click here

Exam Pattern

UPSC Syllabus

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

UPSC Mains Syllabus

Previous Papers

YearPrelims-GSPrelims-CSATMains-GS 1Mains-GS 2Mains-GS 3Mains-GS 4Mains-EssayMains-EnglishMains-Hindi

Prelims Previous Years Papers – Subject & Year Wise

PRE SUBJECT201820172016201520142013
Science & Technology201820172016201520142013
Modern India201820172016201520142013
Medieval India201820172016201520142013

Mains Previous Years Papers – Subject & Year Wise

MAINS SUBEJECT201820172016201520142013
Internal Security201820172016201520142013
Ethics – I201820172016201520142013
Ethics – II (Case Studies)201820172016201520142013
Environment and Ecology201820172016201520142013
Disaster Management201820172016201520142013
Ancient History and Art & Culture201820172016201520142013
Agriculture201820172016No Question20142013
Indian Society2018201720162015 20142013

Cut Off Marks

Awards And Achievements

Play Video about Best Institution for Competetive Exam Course in Maharashtra
Play Video about Best Innovative Institute forUPSC, Bank, Railway, SSC & MBA in Maharashtra
Play Video about Best Institution for UPSC CSE Preparation in Maharashtra
Play Video about Best Coaching Institute for Competitive Exam in Maharashtra

Teaching Methodology:

The Prayas India- Exam आसान है!

LEARN: Learning is the first stage of any exam preparation. The Prayas India provides the simplified learning approach. It believes in technology and helps the aspirants for smart preparation.
PRACTICE: “Practice makes a man perfect”. After each and every topic, the aspirants need to practice on Mock Question Papers and Previous Years Papers. The Prayas India helps to understand the Exam Pattern and practice on exam oriented pattern.
ANALYZE: The last and the most important part is giving the test and analysing the performance. The Prayas India provides All India level real time test platform where an aspirant can track themselves with performance and progress.

Why the Prayas ?

We know that you are in search of not just a coaching, but an institution where you get all your learning needs fulfilled. Here, at The Prayas, we mentor you, guide you with the best strategy, and solve all your doubts that will help you achieve your goal.

Play Video about The Prayas Methodology



We are a team of highly experienced mentors. The Research & Development Team at Prayas continuously works hard for all our students.

Teaching Methodogy

We firmly believe in and follow the three steps of preparation:
1. Learn
2. Practice
3. Test

Study Material

The Prayas study material is extremely comprehensive and very well designed. It is regularly updated by our Research & Development team.

Time Table

It is imperative to be disciplined to crack competitive exams. Our mentors help aspirants in defining their study time table and strategy.

Doubt Clearance

Instant solution of doubts is our USP. We have several dedicated groups and communities to help aspirants get their doubts solved in real time.

Progress Tracker

We provide individual progress tracker to every aspirant. It helps the aspirant complete syllabus in defined time frame and builds confidence.

Foundation Support

We provide special basic lectures to beginners. Easy-to-understand explanation of important concepts helps them build a strong base.

1-on-1 Mentor Connect

We connect one-on-one with students who require support from us in their learning. Mentors are always available & ready for support.

Technology Driven

Ours is a highly technology-driven platform that meets all the learning needs of aspirants. It simplifies their experience and helps them clear examinations with ease.

Previous slide
Next slide

Awards & Achievements

Thanks for your appreciation & love.

Play Video
Play Video
Play Video
Play Video

Other Imoprtant Articles: