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NDA Exam Pattern and Syllabus | Important Details

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NDA Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Mode of the Exam Offline Mode
Total Number of papers General Ability Test (GAT) and Math
Duration of the Exam General Ability Test (GAT): 2 hours 3ominsMath: 2 hours 3omins
Time of the Exam General Ability Test (GAT): 10 am to 12.30 pmMath: 2 pm to 4.30 pm
Number of questions General Ability Test (GAT): 150 questionsMath: 120 questions
Question paper Language English and Hindi only
Total marks Written Exam: 900 (600 for GAT and 300 for Math)SSB Interview: 900 marks

NDA Exam Pattern 2022 for Written Exam:

  • Written exam is divided into two parts-  GAT and Mathematics.
  • Each question is a multiple-choice question type i.e. MCQs.
  • The number of questions is 150 and 120 for GAT and Math respectively.
  • Both Math and  General Ability Test (GAT) is for 2 and a half hours each. Therefore, the total duration of the exam is 5 hours.
  • The GAT section will be for 600 marks while the Mathematics section will carry 300 marks.
  • The GAT section is divided into two parts. Part A and Part B comprise English and General Knowledge respectively.

The structure of the NDA exam pattern for the written exam is given below:

Paper Type Subject Maximum marks Total Duration
Paper 1 Math 300 Marks 2 hours 3omins
Paper 2 General Ability Test 600 Marks 2 hours 3omins
Total 900 Marks 5 hours

Distribution of GAT:

Section Type Maximum marks

Part A – English

200 Marks

Part B – General Knowledge


100 Marks


60 Marks

General Science

40 Marks

History, Freedom Movement, etc.

80 Marks


80 Marks

Current Events

40 Marks


600 Marks

Marking Scheme for NDA written exam

The scoring system of NDA is formed by UPSC. There are negative marks for incorrect answers, 1/3 of the marks allocated to every question are deducted for the inaccurate answer. there’s no reduction in marks for unanswered questions. The marking scheme of NDA is given below.

Section Type Marks for the right answer Marks for the wrong answer
GAT 4 1.33
Math 2.5 0.83

NDA Exam Pattern 2022 for SSB Interview

The SSB Interview is split into two stages. Candidates qualifying the Stage 1 are mixed up with the Stage 2 exam. Stage 1 of the SSB Interview comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and movie Perception and outline Test (PP&DT). Stage 2 comprises Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and also the Conference. This stage carries a complete of 900 marks. Candidates can check the pattern of SSB Interview.

Stages Tests

Stage 1

Screening Test

  • Verbal and non-verbal tests.
  • PPDT

Stage 2

Psychological Test

  • Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  • Word Association Test (WAT)
  • Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
  • Self Description Test (SD)

Group Testing Officers Test

  • GD
  • GPE
  • PGT
  • HGT
  • IoT
  • Command Task
  • Snake race/Group Obstacle Race
  • Individual lecture
  • FGT

Personal Interview



NDA Exam Syllabus

NDA syllabus 2021 is split into Math and General Ability Test (GAT). Applicants appearing within the exam should evaluate the NDA syllabus fully to understand the topics they have to hide for the exam. With the assistance of the syllabus, aspirants are able to know the significant topics for the exam and plan their studies accordingly. the quality of the NDA syllabus is of sophistication at 10, 11, and 12 levels. Please visit our website ThePrayasIndia if you want to succeed in your NDA exam. The detailed NDA syllabus is given below.

NDA Syllabus 2022 for Mathematics

According to the NDA exam model, this segment carries a complete of 120 questions. the full marks assigned to the present section of the NDA exam are 300. For the right answer, 2.5 marks are awarded. For the incorrect answer, 0.85 marks are subtracted. the quality of the NDA question paper for the Math partis of sophistication 11 and 12 levels. Aspirants can clear their notion of Maths by bearing on the NCERT books of sophistication 11 and 12. NDA syllabus 2020 for Mathe is given below.

Algebra Matrices and Determinants
Trigonometry Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
Differential Calculus Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
Vector Algebra Statistics and Probability

The topic-wise distribution of questions in Maths

Topic Questions
Calculus 20-25
Quadratic equation 20-15
Matrices & Determinants 30
Probability 10
Trigonometry 30
Complex number 10-15

NDA Syllabus 2022 for GAT

The GAT syllabus of NDA is split into two parts. Part A includes questions from English while Part B carries questions from knowledge. there’ll be a complete of 150 questions. Total marks for this segment are 600. Each question carries 4 marks while 1.33 marks are going to be subtracted for the incorrect answers.

English: The question paper in English is intended to check the applicant’s knowledge of English. The syllabus comprises different viewpoints like Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension, and cohesion.


Physical Properties and States of Matter Modes of transference of Heat
Mass Sound waves and their properties
Weight Simple musical instruments
Volume Rectilinear propagation of Light
Density and Specific Gravity Reflection and refraction
Principle of Archimedes Spherical mirrors and Lenses
Pressure Barometer Human Eye
Motion of objects Natural and Artificial Magnets
Velocity and Acceleration Properties of a Magnet
Newton’s Laws of Motion Earth as a Magnet
Force and Momentum Static and Current Electricity
Parallelogram of Forces Conductors and Non-conductors
Stability and Equilibrium of bodies Ohm’s Law
Gravitation Simple Electrical Circuits
Elementary ideas of work Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic effects of Current
Power and Energy Measurement of Electrical Power
Effects of Heat Primary and Secondary Cells
Measurement of Temperature and Heat Use of X-Rays
General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.


Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation, and Reduction. Acids, bases, and salts. Carbon— different forms Physical and Chemical Changes
Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial Elements
The material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder Mixtures and Compounds
Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation
Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
Valency Properties of Air and Water
General Science
Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention Difference between the living and non-living
Food—Source of Energy for man Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues
Constituents of food Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
Balanced Diet Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs
The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists


Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution Freedom Movement in India
Impact of Science and Technology on Society Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
Concept of one World Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism Panchayati Raj
Role of India in the present world Co-operatives and Community Development
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State
Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi


The Earth, its shape and size Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
Latitudes and Longitudes Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones, and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation
Concept of time Types of Climate
International Date Line Major Natural Regions of the World
Movements of Earth and their effects Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India
Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes Main items of Imports and Exports of India

Current Affairs

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports
Current important world events

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